文章内容 :


来源: 网络 发布时间:2021-11-10 14:34:36


[collection name]: Qianlong Tongbao


[collection type]: Coins


[introduction to the collection]: in the 13th year of Yongzheng (1735), Emperor Gaozong of the Qing Dynasty ascended the throne and changed to Qianlong of the Yuan Dynasty. Casting the "Qianlong Tongbao" requires that it still weighs one coin and two cents. The calligraphy and casting of the coin are more exquisite than that of Yongzheng. At first, the Qing government continued to implement the policy of deflation. The Qian Bureau increased or decreased compared with that of Yongzheng. First, in the fourth year of Qianlong, Baohe, Baogong and Baoji were stopped. In the fifth year of Qianlong, Baofu Bureau was opened, Baogui Bureau was opened in seven years and Baozhi Bureau was opened in ten years. Before the Qianlong Dynasty, money was made without Tin and made of copper, lead and zinc, which was called "yellow money". In the fifth year of Qianlong, it was stipulated to add 2% tin to the copper material for money casting, which was called "green money". Officials say it is to eliminate private money, but in fact it is tantamount to weight loss. "In the 40th year of Emperor Qianlong's reign, private casting was flourishing, and officials from all provinces stole casting. The government could do nothing about it. In addition, the copper production in Yunnan decreased year by year, which led to the soaring price of copper and the rising cost of casting money. The Qing government then adopted a deflationary policy, successively stopped casting Baozhi, Dali, Guangxi, Lin'an and other bureaus, and encouraged businessmen to import copper from overseas. However, this These measures failed to fundamentally solve the problem. Although private casting decreased, the official money did not increase, and private transactions were short of money, so the use of ancient money appeared. Fifty years after Qianlong, Baozhi bureaus were opened one after another, and the standard of money casting was relaxed. Therefore, the quality of money making in the later period of Qianlong was uneven.



During the 60 years of Qianlong's reign, in addition to several money bureaus in Xinjiang, a total of 18 money bureaus were successively opened (some money bureaus have "branches", not to mention here), Quanyuan, Wuzhishan, Fugui, yunguangchuan, Changjin, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guizhou, and Jinan. Baoquan Bureau (Beijing Bureau of Hubu), Baoyuan Bureau (Beijing Bureau of Hubu), Baozhi Bureau (Baoding, Zhili), Baoshan Bureau (Xi'an), Baojin Bureau (Taiyuan), Baoqian Bureau (Guiyang), Baosu Bureau (Suzhou), baozhe Bureau (Zhejiang), Baogui Bureau (Guilin), Baochuan Bureau (Chengdu), Baofu Bureau (Fuzhou), Baotai Bureau (Taiwan, Fujian Daizhu) and Baochang Bureau (Nanchang) , Baoguang Bureau (Guangzhou), Baoyun Bureau (Yunnan), Baoji Bureau (Jinan), Baowu Bureau (Wuchang), Baonan Bureau (Changsha).


清高宗乾隆皇帝于公元1735年即位,在位的60年里施展其“文治武功”的治国策略,创造了封建社会里最后一个辉煌盛世,之后民间便盛传佩带“乾隆通宝”铜钱可驱灾辟邪,又因乾隆二字谐音“钱隆”而备受后世藏家所喜爱。所谓母钱,就是古时翻铸大量钱币时,中央和地方财政所制作的标准 样板钱。

Emperor Qianlong, Emperor Gaozong of the Qing Dynasty, ascended the throne in 1735 A.D. during his 60 years in office, he exercised his "cultural and martial arts" strategy of governing the country, creating the last glorious era in the feudal society. Later, it was widely rumored that wearing "Qianlong Tongbao" copper coins could drive away disasters and evil spirits, and was loved by future collectors because the word Qianlong was homonymous with "Qianlong". The so-called mother money is the standard model money made by the central and local finance when a large number of coins were minted in ancient times.


Copper or tin or lead blocks are directly carved into money molds. When casting money, ancestral money is used as a mold to turn into mother money. These mother coins were issued to all localities, and all localities made fan coins with mother coins. The carving of mother money is very excellent. Now all the carving mothers are made of golden copper, which is a good copper material. The money inscriptions of the bronze carving mother are very exquisite and the words are deep.


There is no sign of knife marks on the carved mother money, which is slightly larger and heavier than the money circulating in the same edition. The carved mother coin is made into a coin mold and taken away. The craftsman casts the molten copper on the coin mold. After the coin cools, the mold is opened, the coin is taken out, processed and polished.


"Qianlong Tongbao" was issued for a long time at that time. Due to the small number of Carved Mother coins and mother coins of Qianlong, they are now favored by collectors and have high collection value.


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